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mysql 5.7.11 zip安装配置方法图文教程

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[ 导读 ] 这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了mysql 5.7.11 安装配置方法图文教程,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

一、下载mysql 5.7.11 zip 安装包 

本机以win7 64位系统为例,如果是32位系统,请下载32位的安装包

http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/

选择 Windows (x86, 64-bit), ZIP Archive 下载包

二、解压安装包 Extracting the Install Archive

D:\victor.min\software\mysql-5.7.11-winx64  #我的解压目录

三、创建一个空文件夹,命名为data, 也可以随便命名,用来存放数据

# 本机创建在 D:\victor.min\software\mysql-5.7.11-winx64 目录下,所以最后会看到
D:\victor.min\software\mysql-5.7.11-winx64\data #此文件夹后面会有用到

四、配置一个自己的启动配置文件Creating an Option File

如果自己用没什么特别的,就把 D:\victor.min\software\mysql-5.7.11-winx64\my-default.ini 文件copy一份,重新命名为 my.ini ,修改里面的几个参数就好了 || 配置文件如下

# For advice on how to change settings please see
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-configuration-defaults.html
# *** DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE. It's a template which will be copied to the
# *** default location during install, and will be replaced if you
# *** upgrade to a newer version of MySQL.

[mysqld]

# Remove leading # and set to the amount of RAM for the most important data
# cache in MySQL. Start at 70% of total RAM for dedicated server, else 10%.
# innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M

# Remove leading # to turn on a very important data integrity option: logging
# changes to the binary log between backups.
# log_bin

# These are commonly set, remove the # and set as required.
# basedir = .....
# datadir = .....
# port = .....
# server_id = .....

#########################
# basedir 为安装文件解压后的目录 | basedir和datadir 可以使用相对路径
# basedir=./..
basedir=D:\\victor.min\\software\\mysql-5.7.11-winx64
# datadir 为用来存放数据的目录
# datadir=./../data
datadir=D:\\victor.min\\software\\mysql-5.7.11-winx64\\data
# port 为端口号
port=3306
# mar_connections为最大连接数
max_connections=20
character_set_server=utf8
 

# Remove leading # to set options mainly useful for reporting servers.
# The server defaults are faster for transactions and fast SELECTs.
# Adjust sizes as needed, experiment to find the optimal values.
# join_buffer_size = 128M
# sort_buffer_size = 2M
# read_rnd_buffer_size = 2M 

explicit_defaults_for_timestamp=true
sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES

 五、初始化数据目录 Initializing the Data Directory

当然,按照mysql官方文档给出的步骤还有一步 Selecting a MySQL Server Type,就是选择用 mysqld 还是 mysqld-debug |命令如下

mysqld --defaults-file="D:\victor.min\software\mysql-5.7.11-winx64\my.ini" --initialize-insecure

注:

1、这个命令很重要,它会初始化 data 目录,在执行此命令前请先把data目录下的所有文件先删除,否则会失败

2、可以选择用 --initialize-insecure 或者 --initialize 来初始化,--initialize-insecure 初始化root密码为空,如果用 --initialize来初始化,会产生一个随机密码

执行成功后你会在data目录 下看到 mysql,perofrmance_schema,sys目录,同时还会有一些文件

 六、安装 mysql 服务

mysqld -install

七、启动 mysql 服务

net start mysql 

到这里,mysql服务就启动好,我们就可以用root进入 mysql

mysql -u root -p

为了方便,最好将mysql配置到环境变量中去 

后记:

如果中途有什么步骤失败,一定要执行 mysql 移除命令,然后删除 data 目录下的所有文件

mysqld -remove 

特别提醒:5.7 和 5.6 不太相同,要自己初始化数据 data 目录,不然启动不会成功

mysql 安装完后可能会用到的语句

alter user 'root'@'localhost' identified by '123';
create database victor;
create user 'victor'@'localhost' identified by 'victor@123';
flush privileges;
creaet user 'victorremote'@'%' identified by 'victorremote@123';
flush privileges;
grant all on victor.* to 'victor'@'localhost' identified by 'victor@123';
flush privileges;
grant all on victor.* to 'victorremote'@'%' identified by 'victorremote@123';
flush privileges;
################################
show variables like 'collation_%';
show variables like 'character_set_%';
set collation_connection=utf8_general_ci;
set character_set_client=utf8;
set character_set_connection=utf8;
set character_set_results=utf8;

mysql 配置参数查询

http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-system-variables.html

以上就是mysql安装配置方法的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助。